What is resilience, why is it so important, and how do you know if you’re resilient enough?
Resilience is typically defined as the capacity to recover from difficult life events.
“It’s your ability to withstand adversity and bounce back and grow despite life’s downturns,” says Amit Sood, MD, the executive director of the Global Center for Resiliency and Well-Being, creator of the Resilient Option program, and former professor of medicine at the Mayo Clinic?in Rochester, Minnesota.
RELATED: Resilience Resource Center
Resilience is not a trampoline, where you’re down one moment and up the next. It’s more like climbing a mountain without a trail map. It takes time, strength, and help from people around you, and you’ll likely experience setbacks along the way. But eventually you reach the top and look back at how far you’ve come.
Common Questions & Answers
What Is Resilience Theory?
People face all kinds of adversity in life. There are personal crises, such as illness, loss of a loved one, abuse, bullying, job loss, and financial instability. There is the shared reality of tragic events in the news, such as terrorist attacks, mass shootings, natural disasters, and of course the COVID-19 pandemic. People have to learn to cope with and work through very challenging life experiences.
Resilience theory refers to the ideas surrounding how people are affected by and adapt to things like adversity, change, loss, and risk.
Being resilient does not mean that people don’t experience stress, emotional upheaval, and suffering. Some people equate resilience with mental toughness, but demonstrating resilience includes working through emotional pain and suffering.
Resilience isn’t a fixed trait. Flexibility, adaptability, and perseverance can help people tap into their resilience by changing certain thoughts and behaviors. Research shows that students who believe that both intellectual abilities and social attributes can be developed show a lower stress response to adversity and improved performance. (1)
Dr. Sood, who is a member of the Everyday Health Wellness Advisory Board, believes that resilience can be defined in terms of five principles:
Top Factors of Resilience
Developing resilience is both complex and personal. It involves a combination of inner strengths and outer resources, and there isn’t a universal formula for becoming more resilient. All people are different: While one person might develop symptoms of depression or anxiety following a traumatic event, another person might not report any symptoms at all.
A combination of factors contributes to building resilience, and there isn’t a simple to-do list to work through adversity. In one longitudinal study, protective factors for adolescents at risk for depression, such as family cohesion, positive self-appraisals, and good interpersonal relations, were associated with resilient outcomes in young adulthood. (2)
While individuals process trauma and adversity in different ways, there are certain protective factors that help build resilience by improving coping skills and adaptability. These factors include:
- Social Support Research published in 2015 in the journal Ecology and Society showed that social systems that provide support in times of crisis or trauma support resilience in the individual. (3) Social support can include immediate or extended family, community, friends, and organizations.
- Realistic Planning The ability to make and carry out realistic plans helps individuals play to their strengths and focus on achievable goals.
- Self-Esteem A positive sense of self and confidence in one’s strengths can stave off feelings of helplessness when confronted with adversity.
- Coping Skills Coping and problem-solving skills help empower a person who has to work through adversity and overcome hardship.
- Communication Skills Being able to communicate clearly and effectively helps people seek support, mobilize resources, and take action.
- Emotional Regulation The capacity to manage potentially overwhelming emotions (or seek assistance to work through them) helps people maintain focus when overcoming a challenge.
Research on resilience theory shows that it is imperative to manage an individual’s immediate environment and promote protective factors while addressing demands and stressors that the individual faces. (4) In other words, resilience isn’t something people tap into only during overwhelming moments of adversity. It builds as people encounter all kinds of stressors on a daily basis, and protective factors can be nurtured.
Why Is Resilience Important?
Resilience is what gives people the emotional strength to cope with trauma, adversity, and hardship. Resilient people utilize their resources, strengths, and skills to overcome challenges and work through setbacks.
People who lack resilience are more likely to feel overwhelmed or helpless, and rely on unhealthy coping strategies (such as avoidance, isolation, and self-medication). One study showed that patients who had attempted suicide had significantly lower resilience scale scores than patients who had never attempted suicide. (5)
Resilient people do experience stress, setbacks, and difficult emotions, but they tap into their strengths and seek help from support systems to overcome challenges and work through problems. Resilience empowers them to accept and adapt to a situation and move forward.
Resilience is “the core strength you use to lift the load of life,” says Sood.
What Are the 7 Cs of Resilience?
Pediatrician Ken Ginsburg, MD, who specializes in adolescent medicine at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, developed the 7 Cs model of resilience to help kids and teens build the skills to be happier and more resilient.
The 7 Cs model is centered around two key points:
- Young people live up or down to the expectations that are set for them and need adults who love them unconditionally and hold them to high expectations.
- How we model resilience for young people is far more important than what we say about it.
The American Academy of Pediatrics summarizes the 7 Cs as follows:
- Competence This is the ability to know how to handle situations effectively. To build competence, individuals develop a set of skills to help them trust their judgments and make responsible choices.
- Confidence?Dr. Ginsburg says that true self-confidence is rooted in competence. Individuals gain confidence by demonstrating competence in real-life situations.
- Connection Close ties to family, friends, and community provide a sense of security and belonging.
- Character Individuals need a fundamental sense of right and wrong to make responsible choices, contribute to society, and experience self-worth.
- Contribution Ginsburg says that having a sense of purpose is a powerful motivator. Contributing to one’s community reinforces positive reciprocal relationships.
- Coping When people learn to cope with stress effectively, they are better prepared to handle adversity and setbacks.
- Control Developing an understanding of internal control helps individuals act as problem-solvers instead of victims of circumstance. When individuals learn that they can control the outcomes of their decisions, they are more likely to view themselves as capable and confident. (6)
The 7 Cs of resilience illustrate the interplay between personal strengths and outside resources, regardless of age.
Types of Resilience: Psychological, Emotional, Physical, and Community
The word resilience is often used on its own to represent overall adaptability and coping, but it can be broken down into categories or types:
- Psychological resilience
- Emotional resilience
- Physical resilience
- Community resilience
What Is Psychological Resilience?
Psychological resilience refers to the ability to mentally withstand or adapt to uncertainty, challenges, and adversity. It is sometimes referred to as “mental fortitude.”
People who exhibit psychological resilience develop coping strategies and capabilities that enable them to remain calm and focused during a crisis and move on without long-term negative consequences.
What Is Emotional Resilience?
There are varying degrees of how well a person copes emotionally with stress and adversity. Some people are, by nature, more or less sensitive to change. How a person responds to a situation can trigger a flood of emotions.
Emotionally resilient people understand what they’re feeling and why. They tap into realistic optimism, even when dealing with a crisis, and are proactive in using both internal and external resources. As a result, they are able to manage stressors as well as their emotions in a healthy, positive way.
What Is Physical Resilience?
Physical resilience refers to the body’s ability to adapt to challenges, maintain stamina and strength, and recover quickly and efficiently. It’s a person’s ability to function and recover when faced with illness, accidents, or other physical demands.
Research published in April 2016 in The Journal of Gerontology showed that physical resilience plays an important role in healthy aging, as people encounter medical issues and physical stressors. (7)
Healthy lifestyle choices, building connections, making time to rest and recover, deep breathing, and engaging in enjoyable activities all play a role in building physical resilience.
What Is Community Resilience?
Community resilience refers to the ability of groups of people to respond to and recover from adverse situations, such as natural disasters, acts of violence, economic hardship, and other challenges to their community.
Real-life examples of community resilience include New York City following the 9/11 terrorist attacks; Newtown, Connecticut, after the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting; New Orleans following Hurricane Katrina; and the communities of Gilroy, California, El Paso, Texas, and Dayton, Ohio, in the wake of mass shootings.
As the United States grapples with the COVID-19 pandemic, our resilience in the face of this unprecedented public-health emergency is being tested as never before.
Research and Statistics on Resilience
Research into what promotes resiliency supports the idea that certain protective resources, rather than the absence of risk factors, play a significant role in a person’s capacity to confront and work through stressors. (8) Things like social support, adaptive coping skills, and the ability to tap into one’s inner strengths can help develop and strengthen resiliency in an individual.
When it comes to the idea of “natural resilience,” or a person’s innate ability to recover from adversity, the research is mixed.
Some studies suggest human resilience in the face of adversity is fairly common. To support this, one study reported that even though 50 to 60 percent of the U.S. population is exposed to traumatic events, only 5 to 10 percent of those people develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). (9)
Nevertheless, other research highlights the difficulty in studying resilience. One particular study, published in March 2016 in the journal Perspectives on Psychological Science, examined spousal loss, divorce, and unemployment and found that the statistical model used to interpret the resilience scores greatly influenced the results. (10) The authors concluded that prior research may have overestimated how common resilience is, and suggested that resilience may be more difficult to quantify and study than previously thought.
The good news is that resilience can be learned. For example, people can build up social support networks or learn to reframe negative thoughts.
Learning to be resilient doesn’t mean figuring out how to “grin and bear it” or to simply “get over it.” It’s not about learning to avoid obstacles or resisting change.
Building resilience is a process by which people utilize flexibility to reframe thought patterns and learn to tap into a strengths-based approach to working through obstacles.
How to Build and Cultivate Resilience
It’s helpful to think of resilience as a process. The following are steps that can help build resilience over time:
- Develop self-awareness. Understanding how you typically respond to stress and adversity is the first step toward learning more adaptive strategies. Self-awareness also includes understanding your strengths and knowing your weaknesses.
- Build self-regulation skills. Remaining focused in the face of stress and adversity is important but not easy. Stress-reduction techniques, such as guided imagery, breathing exercise, and mindfulness training, can help individuals regulate their emotions, thoughts, and behaviors.
- Learn coping skills. There are many coping skills that can help in dealing with stressful and challenging situations. They include journaling, reframing thoughts, exercising, spending time outdoors, socializing, improving sleep hygiene, and tapping into creative outlets.
- Increase optimism. People who are more optimistic tend to feel more in control of their outcomes. To build optimism, focus on what you can do when faced with a challenge, and identify positive, problem-solving steps that you can take.
- Strengthen connections. Support systems can play a vital role in resilience. Bolster your existing social connections and find opportunities to build new ones.
- Know your strengths. People feel more capable and confident when they can identify and draw on their talents and strengths.
How Resilient Are You?
Resilience is not a permanent state. A person may feel equipped to manage one stressor and overwhelmed by another. Remember the factors that build resilience, and try to apply them when dealing with adversity.
In general, resilient people have many of the following characteristics:
- Locus of Control Focus on how you, as opposed to external forces, can control the outcome of events.
- Social Support Rely on family, friends, and colleagues when needed.
- Problem-Solving Skills Identify ways within your control to work and resolve a problem.
- Optimism When the going gets tough, believe in your ability to handle it.
- Coping Skills Find techniques to reduce stress and anxiety.
- Self-Care Make your mental, emotional, and physical health top priorities.
- Self-Awareness Know your strengths and weaknesses and how to put internal resources to work.
Resilience and Health Conditions
Studies have shown that characteristics of resilience, particularly social connections and a strong sense of self-worth, help people confronting chronic illness. (11)
A review of research on resilience and chronic disease published in April 2015 in the journal Cogent Psychology suggested that a patient’s resilience can influence both the progression and outcome of illnesses. (12)
Mental Health and Resilience
Resilience is a protective factor against psychological distress in adverse situations involving loss or trauma. It can help in the management of stress levels and depressive symptoms. Psychological resilience refers to the mental fortitude to handle challenges and adversity.
Rheumatoid Arthritis and Resilience
Research found that behavioral and emotional strategies to cultivate resilience can benefit patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and other chronic diseases. One study concluded that optimism and perceived social support help improve the quality of life for RA patients. (13)
Immunological Disorders and Resilience
Research supports the idea that physical resilience can reduce the adverse effect that stressors have on the immune system. Studies have shown that low resilience is associated with worsening of disease, whereas high resilience is associated with better quality of life. (12)
Brain Injuries and Resilience
One study, published in July 2015 in the Journal of Neurotrauma, showed that patients with traumatic brain injuries who tested moderate-high on a resilience scale reported significantly fewer post-injury symptoms and better quality of life than those with low resilience. (14)
Type 2 Diabetes and Resilience
Cancer and Resilience
Research published in April 2019 in the journal Frontiers in Psychiatry linked resilience, notably personal strengths and social factors, to improved psychological and treatment-related outcomes for cancer patients. (16)
Digestive Conditions and Resilience
People suffering from anxiety and depression frequently report gastrointestinal distress as a primary symptom. Building resilience can reduce the stress and anxiety associated with some GI symptoms. Research published in January 2018 in the journal Neurogastroenterology and Motility showed a connection between low resilience and worsened irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms. (17)
Skin Conditions and Resilience
Dermatologic disorders are often accompanied by anxiety and stress. Stress, in turn, can trigger flare-ups of skin-related conditions, such as psoriasis and eczema. Studies suggest that patients with conditions like psoriasis show signs of less resilience, and early intervention to build resilience can improve symptoms and management of these conditions.
Endometriosis and Resilience
Studies have linked endometriosis and chronic, potentially debilitating pain to depressive mood, anxiety, and reduced resilience. Resilience can be an important factor in reducing the effects on physical, mental, and social well-being.
Resilience in Children
Kids confront any number of challenges as they grow — from starting school and making new friends to adverse, traumatic experiences, such as bullying and abuse.
“Building resilience — the ability to adapt well to adversity, trauma, tragedy, threats, or even significant sources of stress — can help our children manage stress and feelings of anxiety and uncertainty,” according to the American Psychological Association (APA). (18)
The 7 Cs model specifically addresses resilience building in kids and teens. It lists competence, confidence, connection, character, contribution, coping, and control as essential skills for young people to handle situations effectively.
Parents can help children develop resilience through positive behaviors and thoughts. The APA lists 10 tips for building resilience in young people:
- Foster social connections
- Help children by having them help others
- Maintain a daily routine
- Take breaks from sources of stress
- Teach self-care
- Set realistic goals
- Nurture a positive self-image
- Keep things in perspective
- Encourage self-discovery
- Accept change as part of life
There is no universal formula for building resilience in young people. If a child seems overwhelmed or troubled at school and at home, parents might consider talking to someone who can help, such as a counselor, psychologist, or other mental health professional.
Does Gender Affect Resilience?
Studies on resilience and gender suggest that men and women may respond differently to adversity and trauma. But the results have been conflicting.
In terms of survival and longevity, women historically thrive in greater numbers than men during times of crisis such as famines and epidemics. Even when overall life expectancy rose, researchers found women outlived men between six months and four years, according to an article published in January 2018 in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. (19)
On the other hand, studies have found that women are approximately twice as likely as men to develop PTSD after a traumatic event. The reason for the gender difference is unclear, but it may have something to do with coping style for dealing with trauma. (20)
Resilience in Women
Resilience benefits both men and women when facing challenges and adversity. However, women also draw on resilience to overcome obstacles more often placed in their way, such as job discrimination, sexual harassment, and domestic violence.
One study found that when confronted with gender bias in the workplace, women relied on adopting male characteristics, mentoring, and intrinsic motivational factors to work through obstacles. (21)
Resilience in Men
Resilience can protect both men and women from mental health conditions, such as depression and anxiety. (22)
Research has found that men who lack resilience are exponentially more vulnerable to becoming severely depressed after the loss of a spouse.
The study, published in September 2018 in the journal The Gerontologist, also showed that men with high resilience showed no additional depressive symptoms following a loss, and their overall well-being almost mirrored that of their married counterparts. (23)
Another study, published in 2014 in the journal Progress in Community Health Parterships, focused on perceived sources of stress and resilience, specifically among African American men, and found that most men found support for resiliency through family and religion. (24)
Resilience in Caregiving
The burden of caring for someone, such as an older adult or a chronically ill loved one, can be a tremendous source of stress and affect a caregiver’s well-being.
Research has shown that social support is a key moderating factor for resilience among caregivers. That support can be provided by family members and friends, as well as physicians and social workers.
One study, published in January 2018 in the journal BMC Psychiatry, stressed that healthcare professionals should help identify supportive family members and friends to help alleviate caregiver burden. (25)
Quotes and Inspiration to Make You Feel Resilient
There are many ways to encourage resilience in people. Something as simple as an inspiring quote can be empowering. There are also surprising forms of expression, like tattoos, that can tell stories of resilience and serve as motivational examples.
Inspirational Quotes of Resilience
Below are several quotes on different aspects of resilience, from finding inner strength to surviving life’s challenges.
"She stood in the storm and when the wind did not blow her way, she adjusted her sails."
— Elizabeth Edwards, author
"The greatest glory in living lies not in never falling, but in rising every time we fall."
"Resilience is knowing that you are the only one that has the power and the responsibility to pick yourself up."
—?Mary Holloway, resilience coach
“The human capacity for burden is like bamboo — far more flexible than you'd ever believe at first glance.”
—?Jodi Picoult, My Sister’s Keeper
“Perhaps what matters when all is said and done is not who puts us down but who picks us up.”
—?Kate DiCamillo, Louisiana’s Way Home
“Grief and resilience live together.”
—?Michelle Obama, Becoming
“On the other side of a storm is the strength that comes from having navigated through it. Raise your sail and begin.”
—?Gregory S. Williams, author
“When one door of happiness closes, another opens; but often we look so long at the closed door that we do not see the one which has been opened for us.”
—?Sheryl Sandberg,?Option B: Facing Adversity, Building Resilience, and Finding Joy
“Since our problems have been our own creation
They also can be overcome
When we use the power provided free to everyone?
This is love”
—?George Harrison, “This Is Love”
“Adversity has the remarkable ability of introducing the real you to yourself.”
—?M.B. Dallocchio,?The Desert Warrior
“Even the tiniest of flowers can have the toughest roots.”
—?Shannon M Mullen,?See What Flowers
Tattoos to Inspire Resilience
Once considered taboo or a sign of defiance, tattoos have become practically mainstream.
Tattoos can mean different things and serve many purposes — from being a form of artistic self-expression to commemorating an important event or recognizing someone special. They can also symbolize a person’s resilience in the face of adversity.
From words and phrases to symbols and poetry, tattoos remind people of their strength and how they have overcome challenges such as an illness or loss.
Getting a tattoo is a decision that should be carefully considered, but it can be a source of inspiration to yourself and others.
Resilience in Books, Movies, and TV Shows
Literature and pop culture provide reminders that resilience is common to the human condition. Here are some of the top reads, films, and shows about ways to build inner strength and stories of people who drew on their own resilience.
5 of the Top Books on Resilience
- Freedom From Anxious Thoughts and Feelings: A Two-Step Mindfulness Approach for Moving Beyond Fear and Worry, by Scott Symington, PhD
- Option B: Facing Adversity, Building Resilience, and Finding Joy, by Sheryl Sandberg and Adam Grant
- How to Change Your Mind: What the New Science of Psychedelics Teaches Us About Consciousness, Dying, Addiction, Depression, and Transcendence, by Michael Pollan
- Resilient: How to Grow an Unshakable Core of Calm, Strength, and Happiness, by Rick Hanson, PhD
- Beauty in the Broken Places: A Memoir of Love, Faith, and Resilience, by Allison Pataki
5 of the Top Movies, Documentaries, and TV Shows on Resilience
- Boy Erased
- The Florida Project
- He Named Me Malala
- When They See Us
Examples of Resilience
Stories of public figures, celebrities, and other personalities who have overcome challenges in life can help others feel less alone and even be empowering.
Celebrities Who Are Resilient
- Randy Travis The country music superstar regained his voice and his life after suffering a massive stroke. Learn more about his struggles and hope for the future.
- J.K. Rowling The author was divorced, on government aid, and struggling to feed her family just three years before she sold the first Harry Potter book. The manuscript was rejected dozens of times before publisher Bloomsbury bought it. Now Rowling and her books are a global phenomenon.
- Emily Blunt As a child, the film actress (Mary Poppins Returns, A Quiet Place) struggled with a stutter that silenced her in the classroom and among her peers. But a teacher’s suggestion that she try out for a school play helped Blunt finally overcome her stutter.
- Sterling K. Brown?The actor, whose uncle died from pancreatic cancer,?set out to normalize the experience of cancer survivorship. Learn more about how he is putting a spotlight on life after cancer.
- Jennifer Hudson The singer’s mother, brother, and nephew were murdered by her sister’s estranged ex-husband. In the wake of the tragedy, Hudson worked through her pain by creating the Julian D. King Gift Foundation. Named after her late nephew, the charity provides support and positive experiences to help children from all backgrounds grow into productive and happy adults.
- Lionel Messi The soccer superstar was diagnosed with a growth hormone deficiency at age 11. The medical costs were too much for his parents, but the sporting director of FC Barcelona heard about his plight and arranged a tryout. Messi made the team and earned the money to cover his treatments.
- Eminem In his youth, the hip-hop star witnessed domestic violence, was bullied, and endured a rocky relationship with his mother. He also had to overcome addiction troubles. But he was able to channel his resilience through his music.
- Rita Wilson An actress, singer, songwriter, and breast-cancer survivor, Wilson and her husband, Tom Hanks, helped alert the world to the new threat of COVID-19 when they shared their diagnosis. The experience inspired Wilson to become a flu-shot advocate.
Stories of Resilience
Every day, people from all walks of life face health and personal challenges. Their stories of resilience offer hope and inspiration to others facing adversity.
- Cherie Binns?The MS-certified nurse is helping others live better with the disease.
- Alisha?Bridges Alisha?wants others with psoriasis to know that they’re not alone.
- Howard Chang The Everyday Health blogger (“The Itch to Beat Psoriasis”) and his family have had to weather multiple health storms.
- April Christina A delayed endometriosis?diagnosis helped April find her voice.
- Sararosa?Davies Despite her chronic illness, Sararosa?is able to see the world from the safety of her bed through travel shows.
- Lydia Emily Painting helps this artist deal with the challenges of MS.
- Nicole Garcia Following her dad's diagnosis with colon cancer, Nicole learned that she carries a mutation of the BRCA1 gene.
- Tori Geib For Tori, having metastatic cancer means living with the disease as well as she can.
- Sydney Heersink Sydney shares four lessons she learned about coping with a cancer diagnosis.
- Brenda Kong Brenda suddenly found herself being caregiver to her brother when he was diagnosed with cancer, but she still manages her own psoriatic disease.
- Melissa Leeolou?Melissa found "the gift of resiliency" through dance.
- Tina Aswani Omprakash Tina has battled Crohn’s disease for over 13 years, and she is helping raise awareness about the condition.
- Don Ray How one man beat the odds and has thrived for decades with type 1 diabetes.
- Nicole Schalmo A young actress wouldn’t let a shocking diagnosis deter her from her dreams.
- Dot Thompson A shift in mindset helped Dot lose 150 pounds on the Keto?diet.
- Nikki Brueggeman Unable to get a coronavirus test in the early days of the pandemic, Nikki figured out her own way to navigate the healthcare system as a Black woman.
Resilience in Fitness and Weight Loss
Adopting a healthy lifestyle that includes balanced meals and regular exercise requires resilience. It can be difficult to change habits, particularly when it comes to curbing negative eating and sleeping habits.
Persistence, realistic optimism, and support systems can help people develop healthier lifestyles. Exercising with a friend, for example, makes the process more fun and less isolating. Getting the whole family involved in healthy meal planning makes it less stressful.
Changing habits involves a healthy dose of self-awareness. People have to be able to look inward and find where they’re making mistakes before they can create new habits. Putting supports in place to keep you on track will help you meet your goals and create better habits.
Resources We Love
Websites About Resilience
For more information on the importance of resilience, what you can do to build up resilience, and how to practice it in your life, visit the following resources:
The Human Rights Resilience Project This website brings together research, resources, and tools to improve resilience and well-being within the human rights community.
American Psychological Association — The Road to Resilience Compiled by the American Psychological Association, this resource helps people learn how to cope with difficult life situations, including trauma.
Mental Health Services
It can be difficult to know how and when to get help with feelings of anxiety, depression, and other mental health conditions. Reaching out for help is a good first step toward building resilience and improving your overall well-being.
Suicide Prevention Lifeline If you are thinking about suicide or are worried about a loved one, the Suicide Prevention Lifeline is open 24/7 in the United States to assist you by connecting you with a trained crisis worker.
Crisis Text Line Available 24/7 in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom, the Crisis Text Line connects every texter with a crisis counselor for confidential help on the spot.
Good Therapy It can be hard to know where to start when looking for a therapist. Good Therapy helps you find support right in your ZIP code.
Young people need help learning to develop resilience in a stressful world. It isn’t as easy as telling them to try again. They need specific resources.
Edutopia: Resources on Developing Grit, Resilience, and Growth Mindset This is a curated list of resources to help parents and educators teach and support grit, resilience, and growth mindset.
LGBTQ Support and Resources Related to Bullying
Marginalized youth have a higher risk of bullying, violence, and suicide. There are resources out there to help all youth know that they are not alone.
Born This Way Foundation Born This Way supports the wellness of young people using evidence-based programs that are kind, compassionate, accepting, and inclusive.
StopBullying.gov All kids involved in bullying (victims, bullies, witnesses) are affected it by it. StopBullying.gov compiled resources to help parents, schools, and communities decrease bullying.
Editorial Sources and Fact-Checking
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- King BM, Carr DC, Taylor MG. Depressive Symptoms and the Buffering Effect of Resilience on Widowhood by Gender. The Gerontologist. September 22, 2018.
- Chung B, Meldrum M, Jones F, et al. Perceived Sources of Stress and Resilience in Men in an African American Community. Progress in Community Health Partnerships. 2014.
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